THE PATTLES OF SUFFOLK
The Pattle family of
been traced back to about 1520 by Roger Pattle.
There are three main branches:
Roger’s forebears comprise the ‘Main Branch’, dating
back to 1520. One present descendant is Roger’s brother Mary Hover, who lives
Another ‘Suffolk Branch’, which has been linked to
the main branch, dates back to approximately 1750, includes the parents of
Thomas and Henry Pattle.
The ‘London/India/South Africa Branch’, dating back
to 1650, based largely in London, is
believed to have originated in Suffolk, but
the connection with the other branches has not yet been established. They were
prosperous, deeply involved in Indian civil affairs with the Honourable East
Much of the following
information comes from Ray Pattle, who lives
in Victoria, Australia. He
is the direct descendant of Thomas Pattle’s
younger brother John Percy, who was born at Campbell’s
Creek, Victoria in
1864. Ray has written The Pattle Family in Australia, parts
of which are quoted below.
of Bury St Edmunds
The Barcham connection is with the Suffolk branch. Those of interest are Thomas Pattle
(b. 1779, d. 1875) and his wife Mary Ann
(née Marrow). Their
children included three sons: Thomas,
born in 1823 at Wickhambrook, Suffolk; Henry, born in 1827 at Bury St Edmunds; William, born about 1830, emigrated to Australia in 1857. The name of the vessel
on which he sailed from England is not known, however, the
Argus Shipping list, 1856–1860, shows that he arrived at Hobson’s Bay on 4 May 1858,
aboard a coastal vessel the Spirit of
The places and dates of their births show that, in
about 1825, Thomas and his young family moved from Wickhambrook
to Bury St Edmunds, where he established a grocers and cheesemongers business.
He is listed in the trades’ directory of Bury St Edmunds in White’s 1844
Directory of Suffolk, page 654:
Grocers and tea dealers: Pattle, Thomas, 1
Carriers from the inns: Pattle, ---, 3 Risbygate
from the ‘Waggoner’ to Denham.
Wickhambrook is described in the
1844 Directory of Suffolk, page 654:
WICKHAMBROOK, a large scattered village, in the pleasant vale of a
rivulet, . . .11 miles S.W. of Bury St. Edmunds, has
in its extensive parish 1623 inhabitants, and about 4000 acres of fertile
clayey land, including many scattered farm houses and the hamlets of Ashfield
Green, Genesis Green, Boyden End and Clopton . . . The Church (All Saints’) is a neat structure
with a tower and five bells . . .
Thomas Pattle died in 1875.
Thomas Pattle, born in 1823 at Wickhambrook
was the eldest child of Mary Ann and Thomas Pattle.
In May 1841, he married Mary Ann Towler (b. 1823) at the registry office in
Bury St Edmunds. She was the daughter of Mary
and Robert Towler. Mary Ann and Thomas had 15
children, nine of whom were born in Suffolk, the first four at Wickhambrook, the following five at Bury St Edmunds: Mary Hanna Melinda (b. 12 June 1842); Emma Lois Miriam (b. 28 February
1843); Sarah Ann (b. 10 October
1844); Frederick William (b. 16 May
1846, d. in New Zealand in 1902); Henry
Leander (b. 26 December 1846); Annie
Marie (b. and d. in 1848, at Bury St Edmunds); Julia Ellen (b. 1850); Laura
Sophia (b. March 1852); Constantine
Paris (b. September 1853).
In 1855, two years after Constantine was born, Thomas, Mary Ann
(both aged 32), Frederick (9) and Henry (7) sailed as
unassisted immigrants to Australia aboard the Stebenheath.
They arrived at Melbourne in December 1855, fifteen months after Henry Barcham
landed at Portland from the Nestor. From
Melbourne, Thomas and his small family group travelled by horse and wagon to
Forest Creek, according to shipping records. There is little evidence
that Thomas actually fossicked for gold. Instead, it
is believed that, shortly after his arrival, he became a grocer’s assistant at
the Five Flags General Store in Campbell’s Creek.
When they left England, it must have been traumatic
for the family to leave their five remaining daughters and baby son in the care
of Mary Ann’s parents. However, the six children were listed among the 384
unassisted immigrant passengers aboard the Almora, which sailed from Liverpool on 9 October 1857. After a separation of more
than two years, the reunion with their parents must have been very emotional
when the ship docked at Melbourne on 29 December.
Mary Ann and Thomas had five more children, all born
at Campbell’s Creek: Annie
Louisa (b. 1856, d. May 1858); Ida
Jane (b. 1859, d. 1860); Thomas
(b. 1861) see below; Alice M, (b.
1863, d. 1864); John Percy (b.
November 1864, at Campbell’s Creek. John Percy was the
forebear of Ray Pattle
presently the President of the Castlemain
Historical Society and living in Guildford, Victoria.
Mary Ann died on 30 August 1868, aged 46, while giving birth to
a stillborn child. At the time of her death, five of the ten surviving children
had married; and Thomas was left with four children aged from 16 to four years
to care for. In February 1870, Thomas married a widow Annie New (née Townsend), who brought with her two surviving
children from her first marriage. Annie and Thomas had two sets of twins, both
born at Campbell’s Creek: Frederick
George and Alice Maud (b.
September 1870, d. February 1861); Roger
(b. September, d. November 1873); Alma (b. September 1873), the only
The marriage certificate of his daughter Mary Hanna
Melinda shows that Thomas’s occupation was a grocer in 1860. Later, he became
postmaster and returning officer at Campbell’s Creek. The original
postmaster’s residence at 167 Main Road is still standing, but only the
foundations of the post office remain in the front lawn of the residence.
In about 1861, Thomas left his wife and children at Campbell’s Creek and joined the gold-rush
to Gabriel's Gully in Otago, New Zealand. From a microfilm at
Christchurch Public Library listing passengers inbound from Australia it appears that Thomas Pattle sailed from Melbourne on 28 December 1861 aboard the Nor’Wester:
Nothing more has been found about his time on the goldfields. [In 2004, Chris
Farrow visited Gabriel’s Gully and searched the records in the museum at Lawrence, but did not find any
references to Thomas Pattle.] Thomas must have
returned to Australia at least nine months before his
next child, Alice, was born in 1863. It is a coincidence in that William
Edwards Williams, the future husband of Fanny Elizabeth Barcham was also in the
rush to the Otago goldfields.
Annie died of gastro-enteritis in 1904, aged 71. Seven
years later, Thomas died in 1911, aged 89.
Henry, son of Mary Ann and Thomas Pattle, was born at Bury St
Edmunds in 1827. In 1850 he married Rebecca Maria ---, who was born at
Bishops Stortford, Hertfordshire, in 1827. After they
married Henry and Rebecca lived at various places in Suffolk before returning to Bury St
Edmunds and eventually taking over his father’s grocery business. Henry and Rebecca Maria had
eight children all born in Suffolk: Henrietta
Ellen (b. 1849); Ellen Mary (b.
1851 at Finningham); Elizabeth (b. 1854); Henry T
(b. 1856, d. 1859); Mary Jane (b.
1858 at Sudbury); Emma Florence (b.
1859, d. 1898) married William Barcham;
Henry George (b. 1864, d. 1937); Edith Emilie
(b. 1868, 1926) married Herbert Clarence
Henry, Rebecca, Ellen, Mary,
Emma, Henry and Edith, together with three live-in servants, were enumerated at
Bury St Edmunds in the 1881 Census of Suffolk. Henry’s occupation was a wholesale grocer. Henry’s business, which employed
15 men and three boys, was at 1 The Traverse and his home was ‘Paradise House’
in Risbygate Street. The size and location of the
house, which is now a dental surgery, indicate that Henry was quite wealthy.
The Bury St Edmunds Past and Present Society owns the Spanton
Jarman Collection of early photographs of Bury St
Edmunds, some of which may be seen on their website; it includes photos of ‘Pattles House’ (K505-2505) and the shop at 1 The Traverse
(K505-1219). (Another photo of the house from the 1880s is reproduced in The
Barchams of Edingthorpe). However, the business failed eventually,
according to Ray Pattle. Emma and William Barcham,
Edith and Herbert Clarence Barcham, and their descendants are described in
Chapters 5, 6 and 7 of The Barchams of Edingthorpe.